Understanding the VGGT | Land Portal
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Understanding the VGGT

The VGGT seek to improve tenure governance with the overall goals of food security and the progressive realization of the right to adequate food, poverty eradication, sustainable livelihoods, social stability, housing security, rural development, environmental protection and sustainable social and economic development.

With inputs from over 1000 stakeholders with different cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the VGGT were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security on 11 May 2012.

Understanding the VGGT

The VGGT are the internationally negotiated framework to improve land governance. With inputs from over 1000 stakeholders with different cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the VGGT were endorsed by the Committee on World Food Security on 11 May 2012.

The VGGT promote the recognition and protection of all forms tenure, including formal, informal and customary and all legitimate tenure rights, including property rights, use rights, rights of passage and seasonal rights. The VGGT are voluntary. Yet, the high-level endorsement and use around the world provide significant momentum and scope for advocacy.

Purpose

The VGGT seek to improve tenure governance with the overall goals of food security and the progressive realization of the right to adequate food, poverty eradication, sustainable livelihoods, social stability, housing security, rural development, environmental protection and sustainable social and economic development.

The VGGT provide guidance and information on internationally accepted practices; contribute to the development of policy, legal and organizational frameworks; enhance the transparency and functioning of tenure systems; strengthen the capacities and operations of all persons concerned with tenure governance; and promote the cooperation between actors.

Contents

The VGGT provide a comprehensive overview of the areas relevant to improving governance of tenure and their linkages.

Part 1: Preliminary and Part 2: General Matters

Parts 1 and 2 of the VGGT are the basis upon which the proceeding parts of the VGGT, on specific topics, should be read. Parts 1 and 2 draw out the objective and nature and scope of the VGGT. In addition, they provide guidance that applies to all aspects of tenure governance and hence also the whole VGGT document, by setting out guiding principles and addressing rights and responsibilities, policy legal and organizational frameworks and the delivery of services.

Part 3: Legal, recognition and allocation of tenure rights and duties, Part 4: Transfers and other changes to tenure rights and duties and-Part 5: Administration of tenure

These parts provide guidance on topics that are common to tenure governance. Part 3, includes provisions on the legal recognition and allocation of tenure rights of indigenous peoples and other communities with customary tenure systems, as well as informal tenure and the initial allocation of tenure rights, that are owned or controlled by the public sector. Part 4, provides guidance on situations in which existing rights and associated duties are transferred or reallocated, transactions in tenure rights as a result of investments, land consolidation and other readjustment approaches, restitution, redistributive reforms or expropriation. Part 5, deals with governance of the administration of tenure, with regard to records of tenure rights, valuation, taxation, regulated spatial planning, resolution of disputes over tenure rights and transboundary matters.

Part 6: Responses to climate change and emergencies

Part 6, provides guidance on the preparation and implementation of strategies for extreme situations, where many people could be displaced, including climate change, natural disasters and conflicts.

Part 7: Promotion, implementation, monitoring and evaluation.

This part reiterates some of the principle and process-related guidance given in the VGGT and gives additional practical provisions on how the VGGT should be implemented, monitored and evaluated.

History

In 2009 and 2010, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), in collaboration with partners, organized ten regional multi-stakeholder consultations, a private sector and four civil society consultations, involving over 1000 people from over 130 countries. In 2011, issues and actions identified during the consultations helped shape the zero draft of the VGGT. In addition, the zero draft underwent a global, public e-consultation.

In 2011 and 2012, the zero draft of the VGGT formed the basis for three rounds of inter-governmental negotiations under the auspices of the Committee on World Food Security (CFS). As a result of the CFS 2009 reform, negotiations included participation by CSOs, the private sector, farmers organizations and academia.

On 11 May 2012, the final text of the VGGT was endorsed by the CFS.

Learn more about the Stakeholder views on the development process of the VGGT and during the negotiations:

Video: Full individual stakeholder interviews during VGGT negotiations:

  • Angel Srapazzon, La Via Campesina, International Peasant Movement
  • Charles Onyango, President, Uganda National Farmers Federation
  • Magdalena Anna Kropiwnicka, Technical Advisor, Permanent Representation of the Republic of Poland to FAO
  • Milton Rondo Filho, Minister, Coordinator-General for International Actions Against Hunger, Brazilian Ministry of External Relations
  • Noel D. De Luna, Chair, Committee on World Food Security
  • Paul Munro-Faure, Principal Officer, Climate Energy and Tenure Division, FAO
  • Rehema Bavuma, Project Officer, Katosi Women Development Trust (KWDT)
  • H.E. Wilfred J. Ngirwa, Permanent Representation and Alternate Governor on behalf of the Minister for Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives, Tanzania

Library

Experiences and Good Practices In The Use and Application of The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) - Summary and Key Elements cover image
Relatórios e Pesquisa
Julho 2016
Global

At its 42nd Plenary session in 2015, the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) decided to hold a global thematic event at the 43rd session in October 2016 to share experiences and take stock of the use and application of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT), as a contribution to monitorin

Documentos e Resumos de Políticas
Março 2018
África do Sul

The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGT) set out internationally-accepted principles and standards for responsible practices, providing a framework for governments, the private sector and civil society to use when developing policies and programmes for improving food security.

Voluntary Guide on the Responsible Governance of land fisheries and forests in the context of national food security
Relatórios e Pesquisa
Dezembro 2012
África
Argélia
Egito
Líbia
Marrocos
Sudão
Tunísia
Burúndi
Comores
Djibuti
Eritreia
Etiópia
Quênia
Madagáscar
Malawi
Maurícia
Moçambique
Ruanda
Seychelles
Somália
Sudão do Sul
Tanzânia
Uganda
Zâmbia
Zimbabwe
Angola
Camarões
República Centro-Africana
Chade
Congo
República Democrática do Congo
Guiné Equatorial
Gabão
São Tomé e Príncipe
Botswana
Lesoto
Namíbia
África do Sul
Essuatíni
Benim
Burkina Faso
Cabo Verde
Gâmbia
Gana
Guiné
Guiné-Bissau
Costa do Marfim
Libéria
Mali
Mauritânia
Níger
Nigéria
Senegal
Serra Leoa
Togo
Américas
Antígua e Barbuda
Baamas
Barbados
Cuba
Dominica
República Dominicana
Granada
Haiti
Jamaica
São Cristóvão e Névis (Saint Kitts e Nevis)
Santa Lúcia
São Vicente e Granadinas
Trindade e Tobago
Belize
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
México
Nicarágua
Panamá
Argentina
Bolívia
Brasil
Chile
Colômbia
Equador
Guiana
Paraguai
Peru
Suriname
Uruguai
Venezuela
América do Norte
Canadá
Estados Unidos
Ásia
Cazaquistão
Quirguistão
Tajiquistão
Turquemenistão
Usbequistão
China
República Popular Democrática da Coreia
Japão
Mongólia
República da Coreia
Brunei
Cambodja
Indonésia
Laos
Malásia
Myanmar
Filipinas
Singapura
Tailândia
Vietnam
Afeganistão
Bangladesh
Butão
Índia
Irã
Maldivas
Nepal
Paquistão
Sri Lanka
Arménia
Azerbaijão
Bahrein
Chipre
Geórgia
Iraque
Israel
Jordânia
Kuwait
Líbano
Oman
Qatar
Arábia Saudita
Síria
Turquia
Emirados Árabes Unidos
Iémen
Europa
Bielorrússia
Bulgária
República Checa
Hungria
Moldávia
Polônia
Rússia
Eslováquia
Ucrânia
Dinamarca
Estónia
Ilhas Féroe
Finlândia
Islândia
Irlanda
Letónia
Lituânia
Noruega
Suécia
Reino Unido
Albânia
Andorra
Bósnia e Herzegovina
Croácia
Grécia
Vaticano
Itália
Macedónia do Norte
Malta
Montenegro
Portugal
San Marino
Sérvia
Eslovênia
Espanha
Áustria
Bélgica
França
Alemanha
Liechtenstein
Luxemburgo
Mônaco
Países Baixos
Suíça
Oceânia
Austrália
Nova Zelândia
Fiji
Papua-Nova Guiné
Ilhas Salomão
Vanuatu
Kiribati
Marshall, Ilhas
Micronésia
Nauru
Palau
Ilhas Cook
Niue
Samoa
Toquelau
Tonga
Tuvalu
Global

The VGGT represent the first inter-governmental consensus on the principles and accepted standards for the responsible governance of tenure for governments, international organisations, communities, and the private sector.

ANGOC: Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security cover image
Documentos e Resumos de Políticas
Julho 2016
Ásia
Global

This document was written by the Asian NGO Coalition for Agrarian Reform and Rural Development (ANGOC) with the view of increasing awareness and understanding in the context of the Philippines of the VGGT.

Recursos e Ferramentas de Treinamento
Novembro 2017
Global

ActionAid International has been working over the last few years with women and rural communities to challenge commercialization of land, which leads to loss of their rights to land.

Data

VGGT Logo

This qualitative dataset shows how national laws measure up against the international standards on expropriation, compensation, and resettlement as established in Section 16 of the UN Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (VGGTs). The UN Committee on World Food Security, a body consisting of 193 governments, endorsed the VGGTs in 2012.

The dataset contains indicators which ask yes or no questions about the legal provisions established in national laws.

FAO Gender and Land Rights Database

Land is a crucial resource for poverty reduction, food security and rural development. However, men and women do not always enjoy the same rights to land. This dataset contains indicators from the FAO Gender & Land Rights Database.

The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and F

Data provider: 
Leila Shamsaifar
Map of Donors (Land governance Programme Map)

The original dataset (Land governance Programme Map & Database by Global Donor Platform For Rural Development) retains 821 projects in 144 countries with a total value of 2.6 billion dollars for active programmes and contains information the location, duration, funding and scope of each programme, as well as on the specific aspects of the Voluntary Guidelines it supports.

The quantitative dataset on forest tenure data by RRI currently covers 52 countries containing nearly 90% of the world’s forests.

Data provider: 
Rights and Resources Initiative

Events

 Promotie_slide_FIG2020.jpg
10 Maio 2020 to 14 Maio 2020

Localização

RAI Amsterdam
Europaplein 24
1078 GZ Amsterdam
Holanda
NL
Global

Due to the current COVID-19 situation, FIG Working Week 2020 has been cancelled. However, the programme, all abstracts and both peer review and regular papers have been published in the FIG 2020 Working Week website. There might be some online webinars/meetings, which will be informed in the event website.

Organizers: 
International Federation of Surveyors (FIG)
Kadaster International
Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation
Geo-Informatie Nederland
LANDac Annual International Conference 2019 image
4 Julho 2019 to 5 Julho 2019

Localização

Muntgebouw
Leidseweg 90
3531 BG Utrecht
Holanda
NL
Países Baixos
Global

LAND GOVERNANCE IN TRANSITION: 

How to support transformations that work for people and nature?

 

Organizers: 
LANDac
women's land rights SDGs
13 Dezembro 2018

Localização

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Rijnstraat 8
The Hague
Holanda
NL
Quênia
Malawi
Uganda
Índia
Global

Kick-off event: meet female land rights champions, make your work more effective and join the festive launch of a photo exhibition

Organizers: 
LANDac
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands

Latest news

Blogs

10 Junho 2020
Authors: 
Frank van Holst
Morten Hartvigsen
Kristina Mitic Arsova
Macedónia do Norte
Global

It happened on the 29th of January 2020 in Bitola in North Macedonia. More than 200 landowners from Egri village gathered in Bitola’s theatre, taking turns to vote on the Land Consolidation Plan. The serious faces of men and women, old and young, were a sign that they may have been as nervous as we were ourselves. The voting on the first majority based land consolidation ever in the country was coming to an end. And then the result was there….. 83% in favour of land consolidation! The villagers were cheering. Our team was overwhelmed by emotion.

10 Junho 2020
Authors: 
Kristina Mitic Arsova
Margret Vidar
Macedónia do Norte

I was assigned to lead the preparation of the assessments and amendments to the land consolidation legislation in 2016. That appeared to be a burdensome task. The first two land consolidation projects in North Macedonia were initiated according to the existing Land Consolidation Law and the implementation was blocked. The Law simply had no legal solutions for the identified field situations. The problems were many and each was ascending the other in its magnitude and sensitivity.

Moçambique
Angola
São Tomé e Príncipe
Cabo Verde
Guiné-Bissau
Brasil
Timor-Leste
Portugal
CPLP

De 24 de Abril a 12 de Maio de 2017

Tools & Guides

Putting the Voluntary Guidelines into Practice: A Learning Guide for Civil Society Organizations cover image
Manuais e Diretrizes
Dezembro 2017
Global

This learning guide has been designed specifically to give civil society and grassroots organizations a deeper understanding of the Voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security (VGGT) to enable the members of these organizations and their constituents to use the VGGT meaningfully and effectively to improve t

Documentos e Resumos de Políticas
Agosto 2015
Global

This guide has been produced by the Interlaken Group, with steering support from the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI). The Interlaken Group is a multi-stakeholder forum composed of representatives from companies, investors, international organizations, and civil society groups.

Safeguarding Human Rights in Land Related Investments cover image
Relatórios e Pesquisa
Julho 2017
Global

The Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of national Food Security (VGGt) represent a new international legal instrument, which was adopted unanimously in 2012 by the United nations Committee on World Food Security (CFS).

Organisations

CFS logo

The Committee on World Food Security (CFS) was set up in 1974 as an intergovernmental body to serve as a forum for review and follow up of food security policies. In 2009 the Committee went through a reform process to ensure that the voices of other stakeholders were heard in the global debate on food security and nutrition. The vision of the reformed CFS is to be the most inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for all stakeholders to work together in a coordinated way to ensure food security and nutrition for all.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Serving both developed and developing countries, FAO acts as a neutral forum where all nations meet as equals to negotiate agreements and debate policy. FAO is also a source of knowledge and information.

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