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Showing items 1 through 9 of 136.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 1996
    Rwanda

    This paper reports the findings of an in-depth case study of a highly densely populated area in the Northwest of Rwanda
    which has been conducted during the period 1988-1993. It
    demonstrates that acute competition for land in a context
    characterized by too slow expansion of non-agricultural income
    opportunities has resulted in increasingly unequal land distribution
    and rapid processes of land dispossession through both operation
    of the (illegal) land market and evolution of indigenous tenure

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 1981
    Rwanda

    In a country with the highest population density of all Africa, and 95% of this population dependent on land, the question of land tenure is inevitably a vital issue. In Rwanda it is becoming even more crucial as marginal lands are cultivated, and competition for land, and thus a livelihood, increases. The currently prevailing land tenure systems in Rwanda vary from one area of the country to another, reflecting both differences in traditional customary laws, and the adoption, at varying degrees in different regions, of written law in place of customary law.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2015
    Rwanda

    This report presents the results of a small scale household survey that was conducted in May
    2015 to assess the extent to which rural Rwandan citizens are vulnerable or resilient to
    environmental, market and land tenure risks and the level they understand the laws and rights
    related to land. The report also compares the results of the survey with those from the baseline
    survey conducted in May 2014, and seeks to inform the LAND Project of its progress in
    achieving objectives entailed in the project’s results framework, namely:

  4. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2015
    Rwanda, Uganda, Botswana, Senegal, Zambia, Tanzania

    Rwanda has nearly 280,000 hectares of wetlands, almost 11% of the country’s total
    area.1 These wetlands provide critical habitats for wildlife and biodiversity, maintain
    important hydrologic processes that help to clean and protect ground and surface
    water, support a variety of local livelihoods and largely define Rwanda’s idyllic
    undulating topography.
    2 Despite their ecological and economic importance, Rwanda’s
    wetlands are being degraded and lost faster than any other ecosystem, with

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    June, 2015
    Rwanda

    Across equatorial and east Africa, climate change is affecting the frequency, intensity
    and variability of regional climate patterns.1 Changes in rainfall patterns, temperatures
    and storm intensity are having significant effects on national economies, regional
    infrastructure, land use and local livelihoods. These changes are forcing national and
    local governments to adjust and adapt how they plan, prepare and implement day to
    day operations today and larger visions for the future. The ability of governmental

  6. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    March, 2014
    Rwanda

    The aim of this policy brief is to describe current and historical conflicts over rights to land and natural resources within and surrounding protected areas in Rwanda. We examine the roots of contested claims between citizens and the State and offer some potential avenues for resolving these conflicts in ways that consider both the priorities of the Government of Rwanda and the rights of local communities that depend on protected area resources.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2009
    Rwanda

    Ce rapport, qui s’inscrit dans l’objectif du programme de RCN Justice & De?mocratie «Pour une justice de proximite? », pre?sente les re?sultats d’une e?tude des modes de re?solution de conflits fonciers par les syste?mes judiciaires et pre? judiciaires au Rwanda et propose des mesures pour rapprocher la justice de la population. Deux exemples peuvent servir a? introduire le genre de conflits fonciers typiques au Rwanda et les questions sociales que ces conflits soule?vent.

  8. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2000
    Rwanda

    Le retour des réfugiés de 1959, la politique de regroupement de l'habitat adoptée en
    1996, la disette qui frappe le pays depuis 1999, la faible pluviosité qui prévaut dans le
    pays depuis deux ans après le phénomène el nino, conduisent à une prise de
    conscience nouvelle de ce qu'il faut appeler la question foncière, de ses relations
    avec la production agricole dans le cadre de l'option de sécurité alimentaire. Les
    conditions dans lesquelles la problématique foncière s'est progressivement imposée

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    September, 2015
    Rwanda

    This research, entitled "The Impact of Gendered Legal Rights to Land on the Prevalence and Nature of Intra- and Inter-Household Disputes" set out to interrogate the changing landscape of gendered land rights in Rwanda, and to examine the impact of the statutory changes introduced by laws governing land, inheritance, succession and matrimonial property passed between 1999 and 2013.

  10. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2015
    Rwanda

    Before 1999, land rights in Rwanda were governed by three regimes: customary
    (traditional) law, colonial laws still in effect, and laws enacted after independence. In each of
    these, men were privileged in ownership and control of land whereas women were excluded
    or had fewer rights.
    The 1999 Succession Law restructured and harmonized land ownership in Rwanda,
    superseding all prior legislation. A significant portion of these changes related to gender
    equality. Equal rights to umunani (umunani or ascending partition is an act accomplished by

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