Dans le contexte sahélien, depuis la fin des années 2010 des discours normatifs sur la jeunesse et le pastoralisme se sont développés, trop souvent basés sur des catégories standards impropres à décrire les réalités locales et associées dans une chaine de causalité trompeuse: désœuvrement des jeunes, migrations, participation aux violences armées, conflits violents catégorisés de manière simpliste comme ethniques et socioprofessionnels, économie criminelle, dégradation des ressources, changement climatique.Il y a un paradoxe entre le développement de ces discours généraux et le manque de do
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2020Western Sahara, Burkina Faso
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2020Central African Republic, Algeria, France, Norway, Romania, Vietnam, Asia, Europe
The importance of studying coastal areas is justified by their resources, ecosystem services, and key role played in socio-economic development. Coastal landscapes are subject to increasing demands and pressures, requiring in-depth analyses for finding appropriate tools or policies for a sustainable landscape management.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationAugust, 2020Australia, Canada, Egypt, France, United Kingdom, Romania, United States of America
Historic urban landscapes (HULs) are composed of layers of history and memories that are embedded in physical monuments, buildings, and memorials. Physical built fabric stores both personal and cultural memory through long association with communities. Rapid changes due to demolition and redevelopment change the nature of these places and, in turn, affect these memory storages. This paper investigates whether historical city inhabitants consider cultural memories important when managing their HULs.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJune, 2020Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Algeria, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, South Sudan, Chad
The Re-Greening of the West African Sahel has attracted great interdisciplinary interest since it was originally detected in the mid-2000s. Studies have investigated vegetation patterns at regional scales using a time series of coarse resolution remote sensing analyses. Fewer have attempted to explain the processes behind these patterns at local scales. This research investigates bottom-up processes driving Sahelian greening in the northern Central Plateau of Burkina Faso—a region recognized as a greening hot spot.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMay, 2020Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Algeria, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Senegal, South Sudan, Chad
Desertification is defined as land degradation occurring in the global drylands. It is one of the global problems targeted under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 15). The aim of this article is to review the history of desertification and to evaluate the scientific evidence for desertification spread and severity. First quantitative estimates of the global extent and severity of desertification were dramatic and resulted in the establishment of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) in 1994. UNCCD’s task is to mitigate the negative impacts of desertification in drylands.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2020Tunisia
Groundwater resources became a recognized enabler of important rural and socio-economic development in Mediterranean countries. However, the development of this groundwater economy is currently associated with an increased pressure on the available resource and negative implications on the socio-ecological system. Managing complex socio-ecological systems, such as those that occur in water resource management, is a multi-actor, multi-scale and dynamic decision-making process.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2016Egypt, Northern Africa
The overall aim of the project is to identify physical and institutional interventions to improve water management using an integrated approach across scales (from farm to main canal levels) and encompassing water quantity–quality interactions. The project’s geographical focus is the Nile Delta in Egypt.
The project was originally planned for four years. Due to a policy change announced by the Australian Government in reducing the aid investment in the Middle East and North Africa, including Egypt, the duration of the project was reduced to three years.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2006Tunisia, Northern Africa
During the last two decades, the Tunisian government has engaged in a vast program for the conservation and mobilization of natural resources. In the Jeffara region, which encompasses the study site, huge works for soil and water conservation (water harvesting) have been implemented whose immediate effects are visible but their efficiency in both the short and the long term need to be assessed and evaluated in detail (De Graaff J. and Ouessar M., 2002).
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsMarch, 2014Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia
This document is a synthesis of outcomes from a knowledge process that was a collaborative effort involving researchers, scientists, and technicians from Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, and Yemen.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsMarch, 2014Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
The Menarid Knowledge Management initiative offers three services that will improve the effectiveness and wider use of IFAD projects – and potentially other rural development initiatives active in sustainable land and water management.
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