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Showing items 1 through 9 of 30166.
  1. Library Resource
    Land Use and Land Tenure in Mongolia: A Brief History and Current Issues
    Conference Papers & Reports
    January, 2006
    Mongolia

    This essay argues that an awareness of the historical relation- ships among land use, land tenure, and the political economy of Mongolia is essential to understanding current pastoral land use patterns and policies in Mongolia. Although pastoral land use patterns have altered over time in response to the changing political economy, mobility and flexibility remain hallmarks of sustainable grazing in this harsh and variable climate, as do the communal use and management of pasturelands.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    August, 2017
    Philippines

    The Philippines faces a breadth of social and environmental challenges that threaten its economic and political stability. A long history of violent conflict stemming from ethnic, religious, and political tensions is further complicated by changing weather patterns that cause severe drought and damaging storms. Millions of people in Mindanao have been displaced by violence and extreme weather events, and their migration from rural areas leaves room for the expansion of terrorist groups that threaten regional stability.

  3. Library Resource
    Ghana Country Environmental Analysis
    Reports & Research
    April, 2020
    Ghana

    Over the past 30 years, real GDP in Ghana has more than quadrupled, and in 2011 the country joined the ranks of Lower Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). Macroeconomic momentum has been driven in part by higher prices for Ghana’s main commodity exports, gold and cocoa, and the start of commercial oil production. This fits an overall trend that has seen natural resource rents as a percentage of GDP more than double between 1990 and the present; approximately one-half of these rents come from non-renewable sources (oil, mineral, natural gas).

  4. Library Resource
    Remembering Elinor Ostrom

    Her Work and its Contribution to the Theory and Practice of Conservation and Sustainable Natural Resource Management

    Reports & Research
    April, 2014
    Eritrea, Kenya, Mexico, Canada, Mongolia, India, Global

    This special issue of Policy Matters focuses on the outreach and impact of Dr. Elinor Ostrom's groundbreaking research on common property (or commons) theory. Her work was instrumental in shaping contemporary analyses of resource management and conservation, especially at a local level. This collection of research papers, essays, commentaries, and songs build upon her work and provide case studies demonstrating the practical application of her theoretical contributions. 

  5. Library Resource
    Land privatization in urban Mongolia: an observation
    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2013
    Mongolia

    The land privatization process in Mongolia mainly concerns residential land. The process is considered to perform slowly. The deadline for free allocation of residential land was extended from 2005 to 2013. Still, the number of families that have acquired private landownership during that period is low. This paper aims to take a closer look at the operational process in Ulaanbaatar. The paper finds that, when citizens apply, in a majority of cases the legal deadline to be granted a land-ownership right is actually met.

  6. Library Resource
    Human Impact and Land Degradation in Mongolia
    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2013
    Mongolia

    Climate warming and human actions both have negative impacts on the land cover of Mongolia, and are accelerating land degradation. Anthropogenic factors which intensify the land degradation process include mining, road erosion, overgrazing, agriculture soil erosion, and soil pollution, which all have direct impacts on the environment. In 2009–2010, eroded mining land in Mongolia increased by 3,984.46 ha., with an expansion in surrounding road erosion. By rough estimation, transportation eroded 1.5 million ha. of land.

  7. Library Resource
    Report of a Home Office fact-finding mission to Sri Lanka

    Conducted between 28 September and 5 October 2019. Published: 20 January 2020.

    Reports & Research
    January, 2020
    Sri Lanka, United Kingdom

    ABSTRACTED FROM PURPOSE OF THIS MISSION: The purpose of the mission was to gather accurate and up-to-date information from a range of sources about a number of issues concerning the treatment of Tamils including the government’s attitude to diaspora activities and the treatment of members of diaspora groups, in particular members of the Transnational Government of Tamil Eelam (TGTE). The mission was also interested in gathering information about the treatment of members and former members of the Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam (LTTE).

  8. Library Resource
    Resource Assessment and Land Use Planning: A Case Study
    Reports & Research
    December, 1993
    Sri Lanka

    ABSTRACTED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: 

    This review does not attempt to be comprehensive. Instead, we highlight:

    • benchmarks in the evolution of land use policies in Sri Lanka;

    • the actual contribution made to decisions about land use by systematic information on land resources.

    Recommendations are made to provide better support for decision-makers at all levels. A summary of legislation, a list of agencies responsible for planning and land resources data and an extensive sourced bibliography are provided.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2015
    Timor-Leste

    In Timor-Leste, customary institutions contribute to sustainable and equitable rural development and the establishment of improved access to and management of land, water and other natural resources. Drawing on multi-sited empirical research, we argue that the recognition and valorization of custom and common property management is a prerequisite for sustainable and equitable land tenure reform in Timor-Leste.

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    October, 2017
    Papua New Guinea

    Despite the difference in their populations and political status, New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea have comparable levels of economic dependence on the extraction and export of mineral resources. For this reason, the costs and benefits of large-scale mining projects for indigenous communities has been a major political issue in both jurisdictions, and one that has come to be negotiated through multiple channels at different levels of political organisation.

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